|How Hybrid Cars Work.
With so much emphasis being placed on the environment, hybrid cars have
emerged as one of the leading ways that we as individuals can do our
part. Hybrid cars have a lot more to offer than
being environmentally friendly and reducing our carbon footprint.
and subsequently, prices at the gas pump, continue to rise at alarming
rates. Filling up your tank costs considerably more than it did a
year, six months, or even a couple of months ago. Hybrid vehicle
technology is now
well developed, and is recognized as being a serious advance from
And Electric Cars Work
To look at how hybrid cars work, we need to take a basic look at how
gasoline and electric cars respectively are used to drive a car.
a gasoline powered car,
gasoline is supplied to the engine by the fuel tank. This is then
ignited and used to power the transmission which then turns the wheels
giving the car motion. This is a very basic and simplistic explanation
but it covers the essential steps in a car's drive train method when
using a gasoline engine.
electric engine uses batteries
to provide power to the engine. The power is again sent to the the
transmission which drives the vehicle. A fully electric car produces no
emissions because there is no combustion involved in the driving of the
vehicle, however electrical batteries have a comparatively low capacity
and need regular recharging. They also may produce less power than a
combustion engine (given current technologies) and provide a vehicle
with less performance than a
strictly gasoline powered engine. However, this is rapidly changing and
soon we may find that hybrid cars offer better performance than their
gas only counterparts (see ElectricCarsForSale.org).
Batteries And Car Engines
Electric engines tend to use the motion of the car to help recharge
their batteries, in the same way that a gasoline car battery is
recharged. The standard car battery, though, is only required to
recharge a small portion of the components in a gasoline car and is not
required to drive the vehicle. This means a smaller battery can be used
and the regular driving of the vehicle ensures that the battery remains
charged and serviceable.
Cars Work To Combine Power Sources
A hybrid car combines electric motors and a gasoline engine to give
greater performance and longer traveling distances than an electric
car. At the same time, it utilizes the electric batteries to greatly
reduce emissions and improve fuel consumption. The end result is a
vehicle that is better for the environment (creating fewer exhaust
pollutants) but still offers a viable
means of transport to the owner.
Combining Gas And Electric
Combining an electric motor and a gasoline engine is not as easy as
putting them both under the hood and letting them do their own thing
because they each require very different components to drive the
transmission. Engineers and hybrid car manufacturers have developed a
number of methods to get around this problem.
parallel hybrid offers the
transmission power from both sources simultaneously. The transmission
is connected directly to the gasoline engine and also to the electric
motor so that when the car is driven it draws propulsion power from
both these sources of energy.
series hybrid works very
differently. The fuel tank is connected directly to a combustion engine
where the gasoline is used to create combustion power. This power is
not fed directly to the transmission as in a standard gasoline car.
Instead, the engine is used to power a dual purpose generator. The
electrical power created by this generator can then be used to either
recharge the batteries or to drive the transmission and provide the car
with the propulsion power it needs.
Advantages Of A Hybrid Engine
One of the greatest advantages in creating a hybrid car is that the
gasoline combustion engine can be considerably smaller than the one in
a standard gasoline car. This can mean fewer cylinders, lighter parts,
and a more efficient engine load. This also means that the car will use
substantially less gasoline while being driven under normal
circumstances offering better fuel consumption and less damaging
emissions pumped into the atmosphere.
Efficiency In Hybrid Cars
The most efficient hybrid cars not only combine two power sources to
create the required drive but they utilize the advantages of a smaller
engine to even further reduce gas usage (see hybrid-cars.org). Smaller
engines can be created
so that there are fewer pistons, pistons have less displacement, and
the engine is much lighter requiring less energy to drive it.
Cars Work To Use Different Energy Sources
a hybrid car uses the
petrol engine for constant and ideal
driving conditions such as steady and constant speeds. Because it is
much smaller, this already means a reduction in emissions while
providing a more than adequate amount of power necessary to drive the
car under these conditions.
electric motor will usually
come into play when the car is put
under extra pressure and requires a little extra assistance. Driving up
hill, accelerating, and driving in difficult conditions will normally
mean that the electric motor will give an additional push and ensure
that the hybrid car has ample power to perform any task.
Advances In Hybrid Technology
Further advances in hybrid car manufacturing have seen a number of
other methods employed to improve gas consumption and reduce emissions.
Lighter parts and improved aerodynamics mean less energy is required to
give the car adequate performance. Regenerative braking actually
captures energy that is usually dissipated as heat during the braking
process. The energy is then used in place of the power derived from the
combustion engine, to recharge the electric batteries.
Hybrid cars have advanced considerably in a relatively short space of
time and new techniques and processes are being evolved to further
reduce both gas consumption and harmful emissions. Modern hybrid cars
work in such a way that it is possible to greatly reduce your fuel
consumption without having a detrimental effect on the performance or
range of the car. As a result, hybrid technology is now available in
hybrid SUVs (hybridsuv.com),
hybrid trucks (hybridtruck.net)
and may soon power hybrid semis (hybridsemitruck.com).